Athena: Athena is the goddess of wisdom and war. In the epic, she was Odysseus' goddess protector, she assists
Odysseus and his son Telemachus on numerous occasions.
Zeus: King of all gods. He often punishes Odysseus for his or his mens wrong-doing, or helps him, like hiding him from
Scylla's six heads.
Poseidon: God of the seas. Poseidon holds a grudge against Odysseus for thinking he did not need help from the gods.
What angers him more is Odysseus blinding his son, Polyphemus. He makes Odysseus' journey home all the more difficult.
Hermes: Hermes is the messenger of the gods. Hermes helped Odysseus twice in the Odyssey. He gave him the magical herb
Moly to protect him form Circe's witchery, and he convinced Calypso to let him off of her island.
Helios: God of the sun. Odysseus' men upset him when they eat his cattle on his island.